Ayurved is based on Pancha Mahabhuta Theory (Five Elements), Tri-dosha theory (Three Body Humors) & Sapta-dhatu theory (Seven Body Tissues). Ayurveda a complete life science deling with Swasthasya Syasthya Rakshanam, Aaturashcha Vikar Prashamanam – preservation to health of healthy person and treating ailments with breaking causative factors of pathogenesis, consists of the words ayus, meaning “longevity”, and veda, meaning “related to knowledge” or “science”. Ayurveda is based on Pancha Mahabhuta theory (Five Elements), Tri-dosha theory (Three Body Humors) & Sapta-dhatu theory (Seven Body Tissues) In Pancha Mahabhuta theory the basic premise of Ayurveda is that the entire cosmos or universe is part of one singular absolute.
Everything that exists in the vast external universe (macrocosm), also appears in the internal cosmos of the human body (microcosm). The central concept of Ayurvedic medicine is the theory that health exists when there is a balance between three fundamental bodily humours or doshas called Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Vata is the air principle necessary to mobilize the function of the nervous system Pitta is the fire principle which uses bile to direct digestion and hence metabolism into the venous system. Kapha is the water principle which relates to mucous, lubrication and the carrier of nutrients into the arterial system. Sapta-Dhatu (Seven Body Tissues) Rasa : Final Metabolic Juice and Plasma (Digestive Syatem), Rakta : Blood (Blood Circulatory System), Mamsa : Muscles and Tendons (Muscular System), Med : Fat, Asthi : Bone (Skeleton), Majja : Marrow & Shukra : Seminal Fluid (Reproductive System) Evolving throughout its history, ayurveda remains an influential system of medicine in South Asia. The earliest literature on Indian medical practice appeared during the Vedic period in India. The Susruta Sahita and the Charaka Samhita were influential works on traditional medicine during this era. Over the following centuries, ayurvedic practitioners developed a number of medicinal preparations and surgical procedures for the treatment of various ailments and diseases.