Ayurved is based on Pancha Mahabhuta Theory (Five Elements), Tri-dosha theory (Three Body Humors) & Sapta-dhatu theory (Seven Body Tissues). Ayurveda a complete life science deling with Swasthasya Syasthya Rakshanam, Aaturashcha Vikar Prashamanam – preservation to health of healthy person and treating ailments with breaking causative factors of pathogenesis, consists of the words ayus, meaning “longevity”, and veda, meaning “related to knowledge” or “science”. Ayurveda is based on Pancha Mahabhuta theory (Five Elements), Tri-dosha theory (Three Body Humors) & Sapta-dhatu theory (Seven Body Tissues) In Pancha Mahabhuta theory the basic premise of Ayurveda is that the entire cosmos or universe is part of one singular absolute.
- Internal medicine (Kaaya-chikitsa)
- Paediatrics (Kaumarabhrtyam)
- Surgery (Shalya-chikitsa)
- Eye and ENT (Shalakya tantra)
- Demonic possession (Bhuta vidya): Bhuta vidya has been called psychiatry.
- Toxicology (Agada Tantram)
- Prevention of diseases and improving immunity and rejuvenation (Rasayana)
- Aphrodisiacs and improving health of progeny (Vajikaranam)